A gap between your teeth can be potentially dangerous to your dental health, dental bridges help alleviate this problem.
1. Traditional fixed bridge – This is the most common type of dental bridge, in which porcelain crowns are placed over the two surrounding teeth and used as anchors to hold the false tooth in place. The false tooth is usually made of either porcelain fused to metal or full porcelain ceramics. This is the most common and typical bridge that is used in modern day dentistry.
2. Cantilever bridge – A cantilever bridge is used when teeth are present on only one side of the gap. For a cantilever bridge, you only need one natural tooth next to the missing tooth gap. These are used typically in areas of your mouth that doesn’t experience an intense chewing load, such as your front teeth.
3. Maryland dental bridge – Similar to a traditional bridge, Maryland dental bridges use the two natural abutment teeth, one on each side of the gap. However, while a traditional bridge uses dental crowns on the abutment teeth, a Maryland bridge uses a framework of either metal or porcelain “wings” that are bonded onto the backs of the abutment teeth. There is typically little to need to prepare the teeth on either side of the missing teeth to hold the pontic in place. It is held in by the bonding material.
4. Implant-supported dental bridge -As the name of the bridge suggests, implant-supported bridges use dental implants where the natural teeth would have been used for the abutments. Instead of being supported by crowns or frameworks. Usually, one implant is placed for every missing tooth, and this series of implants holds the bridge in place. However, the bridge may consist of a pontic suspended between two implant-supported crowns if placing one implant for every lost tooth isn’t possible. This is a very strong and stable way to restore several missing teeth effectively. This does require more procedures to accomplish because of the surgery required to place the implants. Because the necessary time needed for the bone to integrate or bind with the jawbone, this also takes a much longer process from start to finish.
How it’s done
At least two visits are required for placing a dental bridge (except for the implant-supported bridge). At the first visit, three important steps are completed. First, the surrounding teeth are prepared to be fitted to support a crown. This includes reducing the tooth/teeth on all surfaces so that the crown can fit over it. Secondly, an impression is taken of your teeth which will be sent to a laboratory to prepare and custom design the bridge for you. Finally, the dentist fits your teeth with a temporary bridge to make sure that you can feel comfortable and confident, also protecting the prepared teeth while the bridge is prepared at the laboratory.
At the second visit, the temporary bridge is removed, and the new bridge received from the laboratory is fitted and adjusted. Multiple visits may be necessary to check and adjust the fit.
One of the great aspects of dentistry is there are not any wrong answers. There are so many options that you get to chose from that fit you and your needs. We are here to offer options and are comfortable with discussing the different costs involved to help you make the right decision